Life on Land: Halting cocoa-driven deforestation

Published February 2020.  This report assesses how far the chocolate and cocoa industry is going to halt deforestation by 2020 and to restore degraded land and soil by 2030 under United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 15: Life on Land. The report explores the strengths and pitfalls of the Cocoa & Forests Initiative (CFI) amid warnings of a climate emergency and an incoming living income differential (LID) in the top two cocoa-producing nations.


What this report gives you:

  • The scale of deforestation linked to global cocoa, the drivers and the threat to species and biodiversity.
  • The extent of industry commitments to tackle cocoa-driven deforestation via CFI.
  • The opportunities and barriers to cocoa agroforestry.
  • Emerging mobile technology and its on-the-ground implementation.
  • The possibilities of satellite mapping.
  • The progress and gaps to strengthening farmer finance and income.
  • A retailer’s role in deforestation-free cocoa.
  • Recommendations on blockchain and transparent reporting.

Quick facts:

  • No Deforestation & Agroforestry has become the most committed against issue for the food & drink industry thanks to the CFI, Lumina’s research of more than 1,400 commitments shows.
  • Pledges to polygon farm mapping and socioeconomic data collection and Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) trainings miss around 430,000 (43%) of the Côte d’Ivoire’s cocoa farms.
  • Agroforestry requires significant financial assistance and current support for farmers living below the poverty line falls short.
  • Regional service centres armed with blockchain-powered mobile apps can address the neglected supply chain outside of company sustainability programmes.

Preview – 2 slides of 73:


  • Outlook
  • Cocoa
    • Risk
    • Response
    • Impact
      • Zero deforestation pledges
      • Direct versus indirect volumes
      • Traceability & mapping
      • Forest restoration & agroforestry
      • Farm finance & income
  • The Future

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030

Our guide looks at the imperative issues facing the planet and the food and drink industry as defined by the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. We analyse on which goals the food and drink private sector is focused, as well as the players pulling their weight.